The arrests are the latest event in a series of government crackdowns against press freedom, which have led to numerous arrests, detentions, closure of news outlets, and even deaths. The Committee to Protect Journalists reported that six journalists were killed while working in Egypt this year.
A Ministry of Interior (MOI) spokesman confirmed that two journalists were arrested at the Marriott Hotel in Zamalek where the Al Jazeera news team was using two suites as a temporary base of operation.
The spokesman said police confiscated broadcasting and production equipment along with literature supporting a Muslim Brotherhood-sponsored student strike, and the MOI has claimed that the rooms were used to host meetings with the banned Muslim Brotherhood. Media sources indicate that the other two journalists were arrested from their homes.
The ministry also accused one of the journalists of being a Muslim Brotherhood member, but would not release his name, or the names of others arrested.
According to Al Jazeera, the detained journalists are Cairo Bureau Chief Mohamed Fahmy, Correspondent Peter Greste, Producer Baher Mohamed, and Cameraman Mohamed Fawzy. Gerste, a Peabody Award-winning Australian journalist, has previously worked for CNN, BBC, and Reuters. Fahmy, a Canadian-Egyptian, is the author of two books and has also previously worked for CNN. Mohamed and Fawzy are both Egyptian nationals.
Al Jazeera, seen by many Egyptians as sympathetic to the Muslim Brotherhood, has been no stranger to government sanctions since Mohamed Morsi’s 3 July ouster at the hands of the military, including arrests, confiscations, and raids on their offices.
Egyptian Al-Jazeera journalists, Abdullah Al-Shami and Mohammad Badr, were arrested covering protests last summer and remain in prison, while New Zealander Correspondent Wayne Hay, British Cameraman Adil Bradlow, and Irish Producer Russ Finn were detained for five days and then deported.
On 25 December, Egypt’s cabinet designated the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist group following the bombing of a police station in Mansoura that left 16 dead and more than 130 people injured. The Brotherhood has condemned the attack, and denied involvement.
Under the new designation, people participating in Muslim Brotherhood demonstrations could face up to five years in prison, while those leading demonstrations could face the death penalty.
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