|Burmese Royal Throne.|
|King Thibaw (1865-1919).|
The rest of Burma fell into English hands in 1885 without a serious fight but it took five years and nearly 100,000 British and Indian troops to quell the simmering Burmese rebellions and finally pacify the Upper Burma. The spirit of violent nationalism to kick the British out of Burma was then dormant for a long while but resurfaced in the 1930s first as a violent peasant rebellion and then as a student revolt in Rangoon University.
|Saya San on his way to British gallow. |
(His lawyer Dr. Ba Maw became a famous politician.)
|Aung San & RU Student Union Leaders (1936).|
|Aung San the SU Leader (1936).|
|Thirty Comrades (1941).|
|Major General Aung San (1942).|
|Galon U Saw (1900-1948).|
|Field Marshall William Slim.|
|Subhash Chandra Bose (1897-1945).|
|Captured INA Troops at Mt. Popa (1945)|
|Aung San The Politician in 1946.|
|Aung San & U Nu.|
“Save as otherwise expressly provided in this Constitution or in any Act of Parliament made under section 199, every State shall have the right to secede from the Union in accordance with the conditions hereinafter prescribed.” the Chapter X of 1947 Constitution clearly stated their Right of Secession.
And we all know what happened when they tried to practice that right later in 1962.
The Aung San - Attlee Agreement called for the election of the Interim Legislature and the formation of the Interim Government from among those elected to the Constituent Assembly with the inclusion of a small number of representatives from the non-indigenous minorities. By using the electoral machinery of the 1935 Government of Burma Act the Constituent Assembly was elected in April 1947.
Running unopposed in most electorates, AFPFL won an overwhelming victory in the April 1947 Constituent Assembly elections and Aung San formed the Interim Government of Burma. Aung San’s AFPFL won 176 out of 210 seats of the Constituent Assembly while Karens won 24, the Communist 6, and the Anglo-Burmese 4 seats.
The turnout was lower than a very low 50% since U Saw’s Myochit Party and other rightwing opposition parties boycotted accusing the ruling AFPFL and Aung San’s PVO forces of violent intimidation during the election campaign marred by murders and mayhem.
According to my mother my father told her that in the 3 M region of Middle Burma, his PVO stronghold, not a single group dared to raise their voice against AFPFL during the election campaign as everyone knew the dissenters wouldn’t be alive after that. Life in post-war Burma was dirt cheap and violence was the only means to solve the disputes not ballot box. And Aung San’s PVO had many mean men like my father and his former BNA men to do just that.
The Independence was inching closer and closer and then an unexpected event occurred and turned the Burma upside down on her head. The shock assassination of Aung San and most of his cabinet on 19 July 1947.
|Aung San and Ne Win.|
|U Saw's Hanging (1948).|
Burma in Limbo - Part 1
Burma in Limbo - Part 4