But by the 1800s the once powerful Ottoman Empire was in serious decline. For centuries, it had spurned technological and economic progress, while the nations of Europe had embraced innovation and became industrial giants. Turkish armies had once been virtually invincible. Now, they lost battle after battle to modern European armies.
|Turkey's Armenian Genocide (1915-1918).|
|Armenian mother and two children died of starvation.|
The Young Turks decided to glorify the virtues of simple Turkish peasantry at the expense of the Armenians in order to capture peasant loyalty. They exploited the religious, cultural, economic and political differences between Turks and Armenians so that the average Turk came to regard Armenians as strangers among them.
|Mass hanging of Armenians by Turkish.|
|Piles of decapitated heads of Armenian Christians.|
|Mass graves of Armenian Christians of Turkey.|
(The followings are the photos from Bill Milhomme's blog of 1915 mass deportation caravans or death marches of Armenian Christians in Turkey. More than one million died mainly from starvation during the deportation and the survivors were executed by the Muslim Turks at the end of their months-long marches.)