Sunday, April 13, 2014

Sin-phyu-shin: The Newest Burmese-built Frigate (F14)

Frigate Sin-phyu-shin (F14).
YANGON: The launching ceremony of Burma Navy’s third locally-build frigate 108m long was held at Burma Naval Dockyards at Thilawar Naval Base in Rangoon.

The ceremony was attended by Deputy Defense-Services-Chief and Army Chief-of-Staff Vice-Senior-General Soe Win, Navy Chief-of-Staff General Thuya Thet Swe, and other senior army and navy officers.

At the ceremony the newly-built second stealth-frigate with hull-code F14 was named UMS Sin-phyu-shin. Sin-phyu-shin or Sinbyushin meaning literally “The Possessor of White Elephant” was a famous Burmese king from Burma’s glorious imperial past.

Burma Navy’s second locally-built frigate Kyan-sit-thar (F12) -- the first locally-built stealth-frigate of burma Navy -- is now being fitted with her latest electrical and communication and weapon systems and expected to be commissioned this year 2014.

Burma Navy’s first locally-built frigate Aung-zay-ya (F11) is already the proud flag-ship of our Burma navy successfully turning itself into a blue-water navy from a formerly muddy-water navy of coastal and inland water naval boats. Another 108m frigate F13 still unnamed is currently being built at Thilawar Naval Dockyards.

Frigate Sin-phyu-shin is expected to be fitted with latest Chinese-made ship-destroyer C-602 missiles and the outcome clearly is Burma navy will soon have the best anti-ship missiles of any navy in Southeast Asia. Burma Navy currently deploys two other types of anti-ship missile from China, the C-802 and C-802A, on most of her guided-missile frigates and FACs (Fast Attack Crafts).   

Other advanced anti-ship missiles on board two of Myanmar's most advanced frigates, the F11 and F12, are the Russian-made Kh35 missiles with a range of 130 kilometers. With a diisplacement of more than 3,000 tons the F11  Aungzeya and F12 Kyansitthar are each carrying eight 3.85 meter-long Kh35E missiles.

Burma Navy’s Rapidly Expanding Fleet of Frigates

F14 became the second Stealth frigate for the Myanmar Navy and used the same hull and propulsion as the preceding F12 frigate UMS Kyansitthar which was also built at Thilawa Naval Dockyards.

While the F12 used a mixture of Russian and Chinese systems, the F14 used predominantly Chinese systems, with a few sensors being notable exceptions. The F14 is designed for the fleet air defence role, and will be mounted with Type 346 radar and HQ-9 air defence missiles.

F14 UMS Sinphyushin will also carry C 602 anti-ship missiles which has the maximum range of 280 km. Aviation facilities included a rear hangar and flight deck for one Ka-28-A or Z-9 helicopter.

Burma Navy since 2010 has put into service three indigenous frigates of which two are stealth design with rear hangar. Keel laying ceremony of the fourth indigenous frigate F 15 was held in the late 2013.

Burma Navy started her frigate fleet by acquiring two Type 053 frigates from China in 2011 and upgraded with C 802A SSM. Therefore Myanmar Navy is currently operating 2 Type 053H frigates and one indigenous Aung Zeya class frigate F11.

Second indigenous frigate F12 UMS Kyansitthar is ongoing sea trial and expected to enter service in late 2014. Third indigenous frigate F13 still unnamed will join Navy in 2015. F15 still unnamed the fourth indigenous frigate is expected to enter service by 2016.

Burma is planning to build six figates of (108 meter) Aungzeya class and four (122 meter) modified-Aungzeya class at the Thilawa Naval Dockyards. Apart from these frigates Myanmar Navy is also operatng two light frigates F771 and F491. Following is the list of Burma Navy’s Frigates now in service and coming soon into service.

1)         F21 UMS Mahabandoola – Formerly Chinese Type 053 "FFG554 Anshen"
2)         F23 UMS Mahathihathuya – Formerly Chinese Type 053 "FFG557 Jishou"
3)         F11 UMS Aungzeya – Locally-built 108m (The flag Ship of Burma Navy)
4)         F12 UMS Kyansitthar – Locally-built 108m Stealth (ongoing sea-trial)
5)         F13 Unnamed – Locally-built 108m (still being built)
6)         F14 UMS Sinphyushin – Locally-built 108m Stealth (Ongoing systems-fitting)
7)         F15 Unnamed – Locally-built 108m (still being-built)
8)         771 UMS Anawyahtar – Locally-built light frigate 77m
9)         491 UMS Bayinnaung– Locally-built light frigate 77m Stealth

At an astonishing speed our Burma Navy has expanded from a fleet of ZERO frigates to NEARLY-NINE guided-missile frigates in just last four years. From zero anti-ship missiles to hundreds or even thousands ship-destroyer missiles. Absolutely incredible achievement to pull off by such a poor country like our Burma.

UMS Aungzeya and UMS Anawyahtar at Rangoon Naval Docks.
Line of Burma Navy's guided-missile frigates and light-frigates in the wargame Sea Shield-2014.

King Sin-Phyu-Shin (1736 – 1776)

King Sin-phyu-shin or Hsinbyushin (12 September 1736 – 10 June 1776) was king of the Konbaung dynasty of Burma from 1763 to 1776. The second son of the dynasty founder Alaungpaya is best known for his wars with China and Siam, and is considered the most militaristic king of the dynasty.

His successful defense against four Chinese invasions preserved Burmese independence. His invasion of Siam (1765–1767) - nowadays Thailand -- and total destruction of Ayuhtayar City ended Siam's Ayuhtaya Dynasty. The near simultaneous victories over China and Siam has been referred to as testimony "to a truly astonishing elan unmatched since Bayinnaung." He also raised the Shwedagon Pagoda to its current height in April 1775.

King Sinbyushin (1736-1776).
The deputy commander-in-chief during his father's reunification campaigns (1752–1759), Hsinbyushin as king pursued an expansionist policy against his neighbors. By 1767, his armies had put down a rebellion in Manipur, captured the Laotian states, temporarily defeated Siam, and driven back two invasions by China.

But his reckless decision to wage two simultaneous wars against China and Siam nearly cost the kingdom its independence. The third Chinese invasion of 1767–1768 penetrated deep into central Burma, forcing Hsinbyushin to hastily withdraw his armies from Siam.

While the reinforced Burmese armies defeated the Chinese, and reached an uneasy truce in 1769, the Chinese threatened another invasion for another decade, and prevented Hsinbyushin from renewing the war with Siam.

The specter of war kept the state heavily militarized, setting the stage for army commanders to mistreat the population. In 1773, the army command provoked a rebellion by ethnic Mon troops, only to suppress the mutiny with "undue severity".

The warlord behavior by local governors and army commanders only increased in 1774 when Hsinbyushin suffered from what turned out to be a long illness that would ultimately claim his life. In 1775, periphery vassals states of Lan Na and Manipur both revolted. He died in June 1776 while the Burmese forces were still engaged in Siam and Manipur. The Burmese armies withdrew from Siam right after his death, leaving Lan Na in Siamese hands.

While most of his military victories were short-lived, the present-day Burmese control of Taninthayi Region, northern and eastern Shan State and Kachin State is an enduring result of his reign.
Chinese Army was soundly defeated in Third Sino-Burmese War (1776-1778).

(Blogger's Notes: The way ever-stronger Burma military is rapidly building and expanding her naval fleet of guided-missile frigates with massive financial and technological supports from both Russia and China last few years has serious strategic implications on the global geopolitics as Burma controls an important part of Indian Ocean vital to the flow of crude oil to SE Asia and East Asia.

Burma Navy is able to build her many guided-missile frigates just because of technology transfer from Russia in the form of highly-advanced education -- to young Burmese Naval architects and ship-building engineers graduated out of Burma's DSTA (Defense Services Technological Academy) -- provided at Russia's leading engineering universities and the naval academy last 20 odd years.

IMHO both China and Russia are also generously providing Burma Navy with advanced weapon systems especially the sophisticated anti-ship guided-missiles worth hundreds of million of US$ almost free for reasons non other than Burma Navy to stand guard her waters as a proxy for their navies to balance the choke-holding power of mighty US Navy and Indian Navy in the Indian Ocean.

With Burma Navy now patrolling her blue-waters with a fleet of  powerful guided-missile frigates both US Navy and Indian Navy can no longer enter Burmese territorial waters willy nilly as they both used to do in just recent past. No wonder US President Obama is visiting Burma again in later this Fall!)

Related posts at following links:
Burma Navy's First Combined Fleet Exercise: Sea Shield-2014
Nay Pyi Daw: The Strategic Capital for Burma's Survival
Dong Feng 21D: China's Aircfraft-Carrier-Killer Missiles